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SGPT Test - Normal Range, Price, Causes & Symptoms

Liver Test

SGPT Test - Normal Range, Price, Causes & Symptoms

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Medically Reviewed By
Dr Divya Rohra

Written By Srujana Mohanty
on Aug 7, 2022

Last Edit Made By Srujana Mohanty
on May 27, 2024

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SGPT Test
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The liver is an important body organ that regulates various biological functions. Any damage or injury in the liver can lead to disturbed body vitals. Liver disorders, injury, and damage commonly occur in our country. The liver blood test is a common diagnostic test to check the functioning of the liver. SGPT is a vital parameter whose levels decide whether or not your liver is functioning properly. Therefore, this article lets us know more about this parameter. This article deals with SGPT liver blood tests, its normal range, high ALT levels, causes, preparation, procedure, price, and symptoms.

blood sample

What is SGPT?

Serum glutamic pyruvic aminotransferase (SGPT) is an enzyme belonging to the group aminotransferase. The enzyme is also called alanine aminotransferase (ALT). These enzymes are involved in the catalysis of chemical reactions, which involve the transfer of an amino group from one amino acid (donor molecule) to another molecule (recipient molecule). A liver blood test is generally done to analyse the functioning of the liver and detect liver injury or damage. Normally, liver enzymes stay inside the cell and are not found in the blood at a high concentration. Therefore, if a high concentration of liver enzymes is found in liver blood tests, it may indicate liver injury or damage. 

SGPT Test Details


What is the SGPT normal range in a liver blood test?

The normal ALT levels may vary depending upon the laboratory and the protocol for testing the blood sample. On average, the normal levels of SGPT range between 7-56 units/litre of serum. If the SGPT levels in your liver blood test are greater than 56 units/litre, it is referred to as the danger level of SGPT and may indicate any form of injury or damage in the liver. 

SGPT Normal Range

What are the causes of high SGPT liver blood tests?

High levels of SGPT, levels may suggest liver damage or inflammation. Here are some common causes of high SGPT levels:

  1. Hepatitis- Hepatitis B and C is a viral infection that can cause liver inflammation and damage, leading to high SGPT levels.
  2. Fatty Liver Disease- Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD) result from the accumulation of fat in liver cells. This fat buildup can lead to liver inflammation and increased SGPT levels.
  3. Alcohol Consumption- Excessive alcohol consumption can increase SGPT levels and can cause liver inflammation and damage.
  4. Medications and Drugs- Some medications affect the liver and raise the SGPT levels. These medications may include statins, acetaminophen, antibiotics, and more.
  5. Cirrhosis- Long term liver damage can lead to Cirrhosis and cause conditions like chronic alcohol abuse, viral hepatitis, or fatty liver disease. Cirrhosis often causes high SGPT levels.
  6. Muscle Damage- SGPT is also found in muscles and high SGPT levels can cause muscle damage, muscle diseases, or injuries. 

Heart-Related Issues: Some heart conditions, like congestive heart failure or a heart attack, can cause liver cell damage and high SGPT levels.

Other causes of high SGPT level may include:

  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Cholecystitis, that is, gallbladder inflammation
  • Infectious mononucleosis glandular fever caused by Epstein Barr virus
  • Inflammation of the skin and muscles, known as dermatomyositis

The SGPT test is an indicator of potential liver or muscle damage, but further evaluation is needed to determine the exact cause. Your healthcare provider may order additional tests and consider your medical history and symptoms to identify the cause of health issues. Early detection and treatment of the root cause are essential for maintaining liver health and overall well-being.

What are the symptoms of High SGPT Levels?

High SGPT levels do not always manifest with noticeable symptoms in early stages. SGPT is an enzyme found in liver cells, and its elevation is often a sign of liver cell damage or inflammation. Many individuals with high SGPT levels may remain asymptomatic. While some may have potential symptoms advanced stages, these may include:

  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Shortness of breath
  • Swelling in legs
  • Jaundice
  • Excessive bleeding
  • Abdominal Discomfort
  • Weight loss
  • Change in stool color

Symptoms of High SGPT Levels

Since high SGPT levels may not trigger noticeable symptoms, regular monitoring through liver function tests (LFT test) is essential. These tests can detect liver damage and inflammation early, even before symptoms manifest. Regular SGPT testing is crucial, especially for people who are at risk due to factors such as obesity, alcohol consumption, viral infections, or a family history of liver disease.

Procedure of the SGPT Test

Here is the procedure for SGPT Test- 

  • The SGPT (Alanine Aminotransferase) test is a simple blood test that measures the levels of SGPT enzymes.
  • During the SGPT test, the phlebotomist will clean the arm area with an antiseptic solution.
  • After that he will tie an elastic band on the arm to make the veins swell with blood, making it easier to insert the needle.
  • Next, using a sterile needle, he will draw a blood sample from a vein.
  • The sample will then be collected in a tube and labelled with your name and other necessary details.
  • Once the sample is collected, the needle will be removed, and a cotton ball or bandage will be placed over the puncture site to stop bleeding.

Preparation Required for the SGPT Test

The SGPT test requires no or minimal preparation. Simply follow the below guidelines-

  • Inform your doctor about any medications or supplements you are taking, as some medicines may affect your SGPT levels.
  • Avoid alcohol consumption for at least 24 hours before the test, as alcohol can affect liver enzyme levels.
  • No fasting is required before the SGPT Test. You can eat and drink as usual before the test. 

Tips to follow to prevent high SGPT level

If you are looking for tips to prevent high SGPT levels, then you are at the right place. There are many things you can do, including adopting a healthy lifestyle and taking precautions to protect your liver. Explore more tips below for reducing the risk of liver damage and elevated SGPT:

  • Limit Alcohol Consumption- Excessive alcohol intake can lead to liver inflammation and damage, raising SGPT levels. If you choose to drink, do so in moderation, and avoid drinking alcohol if you have a history of liver issues. 
  • Practice Safe Medication Use- Be cautious with over-the-counter and prescription medications. Follow the prescribed medications only.
  • Vaccinate Against Hepatitis- Hepatitis B and C are common causes of liver inflammation. Get vaccinated if you are at risk. 
  • Maintain a Healthy Weight- Obesity and excessive body fat can lead to fatty liver disease. Maintain a healthy weight through a balanced diet and regular exercise.
  • Healthy Diet- Take a nutrient rich diet with lots of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins. Avoid saturated fats and processed foods. 
  • Exercise Regularly- Regular exercise helps to reduce the risk of fatty liver disease and maintain a healthy weight. Try to do exercise daily for at least 1 hour. 
  • Stay Hydrated- Drink enough water, as it helps to detoxify your body. 
  • Regular Check-ups- Schedule regular health check-ups to monitor your liver function and overall health. Taking the LFT test from Redcliffe Labs for early detection of liver issues can lead to better outcomes.

Takeaway 

Your liver is a powerful organ that performs a vital function of filtering toxins and producing proteins. The levels of SGPT in blood tests act as an important biomarker to determine the health of your liver. The test helps to measure an enzyme (alanine aminotransferase) found primarily in the liver cells. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, these enzymes leak into the blood, and raise SGPT levels. This may cause various liver conditions, including hepatitis, fatty liver disease, or even medication side effects. If you have any doubt or noticing symptoms, don't wait, consult your doctor and take the SGPT test. The test allows to detect liver problems in early stages that helps to monitor the condition and get treated on time. By monitoring these enzyme levels, doctors can gain valuable insights and work towards keeping your liver functioning optimally.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  • What does it mean if SGPT is high?

High SGPT levels indicate liver damage or injury. High SGPT levels can be caused by various factors such as hepatitis, alcohol abuse, fatty liver disease, medications, and certain medical conditions.

  • What should I do if my SGPT is high?

To lower your SGPT levels, take a healthy balanced diet, avoid alcohol consumption, quit smoking, and exercise regularly.

  • What food causes high SGPT?

Food includes alcohol, fried food, added sugar, white bread, pasta, rice, added salt, and red meat.

  • What lifestyle factors can contribute to high SGPT levels?

Lifestyle factors like excessive alcohol consumption, poort diet, sedentary lifestyle, obesity, smoking and medications can cause high SGPT levels. 

  • Can SGPT levels fluctuate over time, and if so, what could be the reason?

Yes, SGPT levels can fluctuate over time, due to various reasons like medicine changes, food, alcohol consumption, viral infections, physical activity and various medical conditions.

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22 Comments

  • Kavya sasi

    Mar 31, 2024 at 3:42 PM.

    My brother had a viral fever and when he took a blood test SGPT was 80. Is it because of the viral infection?

    • Myhealth Team

      Apr 1, 2024 at 10:17 AM.

      Hi Kavya, Viral fever alone may not typically cause a significant elevation in SGPT levels. Other factors like alcohol, medications, or liver conditions could contribute. It's essential for your brother to consult a healthcare provider for a thorough evaluation. Thankyou

  • RONY DEY

    Jan 23, 2024 at 6:22 AM.

    MY SGOT IS 1277 AND SGPT IS 1477 WHAT SHOULD I DO ?

    • Myhealth Team

      Jan 23, 2024 at 10:27 AM.

      High SGOT (AST) and SGPT (ALT) levels suggest possible liver damage. Consult a healthcare professional urgently for proper evaluation and guidance.

  • Shaik nayeemullah

    Nov 20, 2023 at 7:59 AM.

    what are the normal range of sgpt in blood sample If it is increases in what level can be ignore and what are the medicines should to be taken

    • Myhealth Team

      Nov 20, 2023 at 10:58 AM.

      Normal SGPT levels: 7-56 U/L. Mild elevation might be ignored; consult if significant increase. Medications depend on the underlying cause, consult a healthcare professional.

  • Shaik nayeemullah

    Nov 20, 2023 at 7:58 AM.

    what are the normal range of sgpt in blood sample If it is increases in what level can be ignore

    • Myhealth Team

      Nov 20, 2023 at 11:00 AM.

      Normal SGPT levels typically range from 7 to 56 units per liter (U/L) of blood. Mild increases may be considered normal variations, but significant elevation should be evaluated by a healthcare professional. Consult with your doctor to determine the cause and appropriate action for elevated SGPT levels.

  • Abraham mathew

    Oct 16, 2023 at 7:08 AM.

    My sgpt test iss 76 is it danger?

    • Myhealth Team

      Oct 18, 2023 at 9:28 AM.

      An SGPT level of 76 is higher than normal. Consult a healthcare professional for evaluation and guidance.

  • Murali V

    Sep 27, 2023 at 10:13 PM.

    Sgot 133,sgpt224

    • Myhealth Team

      Oct 7, 2023 at 9:50 AM.

      Elevated SGOT (133) and SGPT (224) levels suggest potential liver issues. Consult a healthcare provider for a thorough evaluation and personalized guidance.

  • Sabino gavino

    Sep 19, 2023 at 4:42 AM.

    Last month my sgpt result is 27. This month September 19.my result is 31. Is a high or normal

    • Myhealth Team

      Apr 5, 2024 at 7:29 AM.

      Hi Sabino, Both 27 and 31 for SGPT are within the normal range (usually 7-56 U/L). Thankyou

  • MaryJane Fernandez

    Sep 9, 2023 at 9:28 AM.

    My SGPT IS 50 IS IT MY LIVER IS IN DANGER.. PLEASE ANSWER WHAT WILL I DO

    • Myhealth Team

      Sep 20, 2023 at 12:38 PM.

      An SGPT level of 50 is usually within the normal range. Consult a doctor for a complete evaluation if you have concerns about your liver health.

  • Sanjay Saha

    Aug 17, 2023 at 3:59 PM.

    After 15 days fever my sgpt is 99 and esr 44. I felt fatigue. Is it normal to increase sgpt due to fever.

    • Myhealth Team

      Aug 29, 2023 at 10:57 AM.

      A temporary increase in SGPT (99) due to fever can happen. ESR (44) suggests inflammation. Consult a doctor if symptoms persist or worsen.

  • Letheesh Devasia

    Aug 3, 2023 at 4:45 PM.

    My SGPT is 103 U/L BECAUSE OF ALCHOL . What should I do?

    • Myhealth Team

      Apr 5, 2024 at 9:53 AM.

      Hi Yogesh, No its not dangerous. Its within the normal range. Thankyou

    • Yogesh devadiga

      Jan 19, 2024 at 5:01 PM.

      My SGPT level is 48 its dangers

    • Myhealth Team

      Aug 17, 2023 at 9:48 AM.

      Hi Letheesh Devasia, If your SGPT is elevated due to alcohol, reduce alcohol intake, follow a healthy diet, stay hydrated, exercise, and consult a doctor for personalized advice. Thank you

  • Ghulam Ahmad Raza

    Jul 12, 2023 at 5:34 PM.

    I am Ghulam Ahmad Raza from Gaya, Bihar Today I am test of Vital Screening Package from Redcliffe labs In Lft (Liver Function Test), Sgpt/alt is 81.8, normal range 0 to 55 Sgot/ast is 61.6, normal range 5-34 What should I do I am also ultrasound before a month it's shows Fatty liver Grade - 2 At that time I am take regular medicine after ultrasound... I am worried about it...

    • Myhealth Team

      Jul 16, 2023 at 6:03 AM.

      Hi Ghulam Ahmad Raza, Mild derangement of LFT is seen which could be attributed to your fatty liver grade 2. You need to consult a hepatologist so as stop further deterioration of your fatty liver grades, who will also identify what is causing it and how it can be stopped. Thankyou

  • prabir nandi

    Apr 21, 2023 at 7:20 AM.

    My sgpt level 55, is it abnormal? What happened & what can I do for further investigation, thanks.

    • Sabu. TN

      Nov 23, 2023 at 2:53 AM.

      My sgpt level is 110,& sgot is 58. I have sugar and done 2 times angioplasty. Now I have both foot sivere pain and constipation. Pls advice..long time using medicine's like statins& metformin.

    • Myhealth Team

      Apr 26, 2023 at 5:11 AM.

      Hi Prabir, Its seems your SGPT levels are elevated. Read our blog on how to reduce SGPT- levels https://redcliffelabs.com/myhealth/health/how-to-reduce-sgpt-level-quickly/ Thankyou

  • Syed Alay Nabi Shah

    Apr 1, 2023 at 7:03 PM.

    My SGPT is 197 and my SGOT is 32...All other reports and ultrasound are normal including Anti HCV...Hbsag and anti HaV..what should I do???

    • Myhealth Team

      Apr 10, 2023 at 6:26 AM.

      Hi, Your SGPT & SGOT are raised. You need to avoid oily spicy food and alcohol (if taken). Also we advice you to consult a hepatologist. Thankyou

  • VIJAY G

    Jan 27, 2023 at 5:16 PM.

    My sgpt level U/L 45 is there or any problem to my liver?

    • Myhealth Team

      Feb 2, 2023 at 11:10 AM.

      It is almost normal, but you should be cautious about your diet and exercise daily so that it does not increase any further.

  • Aketan Gupta

    Dec 12, 2022 at 4:31 PM.

    My spgt level is 74.1 U/L. Which is high.. should i worry about? And what precautions should i make in oreder to keep it in levels?

    • Myhealth Team

      Dec 14, 2022 at 7:01 AM.

      Thank you for your enquiry. You may ask your query on our health community https://redcliffelabs.com/health-community/ and you would receive an appropriate response and along with that you would also receive more content on Liver management on this platform

  • খান শাহীন

    Nov 23, 2022 at 1:26 AM.

    আমার SGPT 55.9 SGOT 15.8 কি করলে SGPT কম হবে। আমার Galstone Size 12.2mm

    • Myhealth Team

      Nov 24, 2022 at 1:24 PM.

      তদন্ত করার জন্য তোমাকে ধন্যবাদ. আপনি আমাদের স্বাস্থ্য সম্প্রদায় https://redcliffelabs.com/health-community/-এ আপনার প্রশ্ন জিজ্ঞাসা করতে পারেন এবং আপনি একটি উপযুক্ত উত্তর পাবেন এবং সেই সাথে আপনি এই প্ল্যাটফর্মে লিভার ব্যবস্থাপনার বিষয়ে আরও সামগ্রী পাবেন।

  • Muzafar khan

    Nov 21, 2022 at 5:13 AM.

    Good job This article is very informative for all and it's in simple words.

    • Myhealth Team

      Nov 21, 2022 at 12:05 PM.

      Thank you Mr. Muzafar for your appreciation. We would keep coming up with more information and content for better Liver Health Management and other major health conditions.

  • Nawal ram

    Nov 10, 2022 at 1:36 AM.

    मेरा sgpt 371 है. पीलिया है.

    • Myhealth Team

      Nov 10, 2022 at 6:58 AM.

      Aapke sawaal ke liye sukriya. aap apna sawaal humari health community https://redcliffelabs.com/health-community/ par puch sakte hain. waha par aapko aapke sawaalo ka jawaab bhi mil jaayega and uske saath aapko Liver management ke liye content and guidelines bhi mil jaayegi.

  • GIRISH

    Nov 9, 2022 at 12:13 PM.

    MY SGPT (ALT) (Serum,Enzymatic) 82.9 . . I WAS TESTED POSITIVE FOR DENGUE ON 28.10.202. AFTER 8 DYAS OF TREATMENT,I GOT DISCHARGED FROM HOSPITAL. TODAY i e on 09.11.2022 I DONE BLOOD TEST & FOUND SGPT (ALT) (Serum,Enzymatic) 82.9 & Platelet count 470 10^3 / µl. What this report indicates.

    • BRIJILA L.B

      Nov 2, 2022 at 7:42 AM.

      WHETHER sgpt result 57 U/L IS DANGEROUS

      • Myhealth Team

        Apr 5, 2024 at 9:54 AM.

        Hi, Please consult this with you doctor immediately. Thankyou

      • Rohit Thakur

        Mar 8, 2023 at 5:55 AM.

        Sgpt 204 hai

      • Myhealth Team

        Nov 3, 2022 at 6:10 AM.

        Thank you for your enquiry. You may post your enquiry on our health community platform https://redcliffelabs.com/health-community/ and you would receive an appropriate response. you may also read more content around liver health management on this platform.

    • SANDEEP MISHRA

      Nov 2, 2022 at 6:02 AM.

      My SGPT is 122 U/L BECAUSE OF ALCHOL . What should I do?

      • V.eswara rao

        Dec 9, 2022 at 4:44 PM.

        Iam 42 years diabetic my SGPT IS 136

      • Myhealth Team

        Nov 3, 2022 at 6:44 AM.

        Thank you for your enquiry. You may post your enquiry on our health community platform https://redcliffelabs.com/health-community/ and you would receive an appropriate response. you may also read more content around liver health management on this platform.

      • Myhealth Team

        Nov 3, 2022 at 6:16 AM.

        Thank you for your enquiry Mr. Mishra. I would recommend you to join our community https://redcliffelabs.com/health-community/ and you would be able to manage your iiver health with regular health compliance. All the best for a new health journey in your life. We are here to support you with all your enquiries.

    • Aminul Islam

      Oct 13, 2022 at 2:35 PM.

      What does it means that the SGPT level is 999U/L?

      • Admin

        Oct 17, 2022 at 9:56 AM.

        Increased SGPT levels in your blood sample indicate a liver cell injury or damage.

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