Pulse rate and heart rate are two terms that are often considered the same. But are they actually similar? Well, in this article, we will discuss pulse rate in detail. Pulse rate is the number of times your heart beats in a minute, that is, it is measured in beats per minute (bpm). The normal pulse rate is different for different people depending upon their age and lifestyle. Read the article to know about the normal range of pulse rate in males, females and children of different age groups and the major differences between heart rate and pulse rate.

A faster heart rate or tachycardia isn’t a light subject. It can be an early clinical symptom of poor heart health, arrhythmia, and atherosclerosis. All of these complications increase the risks of heart failure and heart attacks in the future. Don’t wait till the worst hits. Avail comprehensive testing to overcome such risks in the future.

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Normal Pulse Rate

Pulse rate is a vital parameter that conveys important health information. According to studies, the normal adult pulse rate lies between 60 to 90 beats per minute (bpm). According to the American Heart Association (AHA) the normal sinus pulse rate lies between 60 bpm to 100 bpm. Your pulse rate can get influenced by factors like your age, smoking habit, fitness, air temperature, history of cardiovascular diseases, expression of emotions, medicines, body size and proportion.

Normal Pulse Rate Range In Men

The normal pulse rate in adult males and females is different. The pulse rate in adults largely depends upon the age. The pulse rate also varies depending on whether you are resting or exercising. The normal pulse rate in males while resting is tabulated below: 

S.No. Age (years) Pulse Rate (bpm)
1. 18 – 25  56 – 65
2. 26 – 35 55 – 65
3. 36 – 45 57 – 66
4. 46 – 55 58 – 67
5. 56 – 65 57 – 67
6. > 65 56 – 65

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Normal Pulse Rate Range In Women

The pulse rate in females is around 2 – 7 bpm higher than that in males of the same age. According to the Women’s Health Initiative (WHI), women with high pulse rates are more prone to heart attacks. The optimum range of pulse rate for women at different ages is tabulated below:

S.No. Age (years) Pulse Rate (bpm)
1. 18 – 25 58 – 68
2. 26 – 35 57 – 68
3. 36 – 45 59 – 69
4. 46 – 55 60 – 70
5. 56 – 65 59 – 70
6. > 65 58 – 68

The normal pulse rate in females differ when they are pregnant. The normal range of pulse rate in each trimester during pregnancy is tabulated below:

S.No. Trimester Pulse Rate (bpm)
1. 1st trimester 63 – 105
2. 2nd trimester 67 – 112
3. 3rd trimester 64 – 113

Normal Pulse Rate Range In Children

Since the normal pulse rate varies with age, children tend to have different pulse rates as compared to adults. The average heart rate in children between age 6 – 15 ranges from 70 bpm to 100 bpm. The pulse rate of children at various stages of life are tabulated below:

S.No. Age (years) Normal heart rate (bpm)
1. < 1 month 70 – 190
2. 1 – 11 months 80 – 160
3. 1 – 2 years 80 – 130
4. 3 – 4 years 80 – 120
5. 5 – 6 years 75 – 115
6. 7 – 9 years 70 – 110
7. > 10 years 60 – 100

Pulse Rate vs Heart Rate

Heart rate and pulse rate are two different parameters, although they may seem similar. Your heart rate measures the heart beats, while a pulse rate measures the rate of blood pressure. Heart rate refers to the number of times your heart beats each minute, whereas pulse in the mode through which you can feel each beat of your heart. Since, heartbeat pumps the blood through your body, it causes a change in the blood pressure that generates a pulse in the arteries. When you are healthy, your heart rate is in sync with your pulse rate. People who have certain heart issues, have a lower pulse rate as compared to the heart rate. There are other factors like obesity, smoking, alcohol consumption, medicines and body mass that can affect the pulse rate. The changes in heart rate over time is detected by the electrocardiogram (ECG) while the changes in pulse rate over time is detected by photoplethysmography (PPG). 


One in every four deaths are generally due to irregular heart rate. Therefore, pulse rate is a very important factor that depicts a lot about your health condition. Now that you know about the optimum range of pulse rate in males, females and children at different age groups, you can better monitor your pulse rate and can also manage it by taking appropriate measures.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  • How can I measure my pulse rate?

You can measure your pulse rate by feeling your pulse on your wrist, crook of the elbow, top portion of the foot and the side of your neck as well. Gently feel your pulse and count the number of throbs you feel in a minute. You can also count the number of throbs in 15 seconds and then multiply it by 4 to get your pulse rate.

  • How can I lower my heart rate?

Following simple lifestyle modifications like regular exercise, appropriate diet, reducing stress and stopping smoking can help you to lower your heart rate considerably.

  • What will be the maximum heart rate for me?

The highest level of heart rate during exercise is known as maximum heart rate or target heart rate. It can be calculated using the formula:

Maximum heart rate = 220 – your age in years

  • What happens when the pulse rate decreases?

Reduced pulse rate, that is, less than 60 bpm, indicates a condition known as bradycardia. This condition can occur either due to the failure of the sinus node or due to the blockage of the heart.

  • What happens when the pulse rate increases?

The increase in the pulse rate, that is, above 100 bpm, indicates tachycardia that can be due to high blood pressure, hyperthyroidism, poor blood supply, electrolyte imbalance, stress, and alcohol consumption.

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Dr. Divya Rohra has completed her MBBS from Grant Medical College and Sir JJ Group of Hospitals, Mumbai in 2019 with an excellent academic and clinical record. She has been the Joint Academic & Research Secretary of her batch in the year 2016-17 and successfully conducted various conferences and CMEs at her college. She has been the Director of Editorial and Web Communications of Rotaract Club of the Caduceus for two years. She has worked as a Paediatrics House Officer and Covid-19 Medical Officer at Mumbai. She has participated in various Quiz competitions, Poster Presentations, Symposia, Medical Documentary making competitions during her UG days and won awards for the same. She is working with PregaJunction as a Medical Content Auditor.

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6 replies on “Normal Pulse Rate by Age: it’s Normal Range, Pulse Rate vs Heart Rate”

  • Avatar
    May 17, 2023 at 5:33 pm

    My son is 10 years old, his heart is beating very fast, he is a light fever, he is having difficulty breathing only a few times, what is the problem?

    • Avatar
      May 19, 2023 at 11:48 pm

      Hi Kavitha,

      There are a few possibilities for your son’s symptoms. For an accurate diagnosis we request to you to consult to a doctor immediately. Some potential causes for his symptoms could include:

      Anxiety or Panic: Anxiety or panic attacks can cause rapid heartbeat, difficulty breathing, and occasional fever. Emotional or psychological factors could be contributing to his symptoms.

      Respiratory Infection: A respiratory infection, such as a cold or flu, can lead to symptoms like rapid heartbeat, fever, and difficulty breathing. These infections are common in children and usually resolve with proper care.

      Allergic Reaction: An allergic reaction to an allergen, such as pollen or certain foods, can cause similar symptoms. Identifying potential triggers and consulting with an allergist may help determine the cause.

      Other Medical Conditions: There could be other underlying medical conditions causing these symptoms, such as asthma, heart conditions, or infections. A healthcare professional can evaluate his symptoms and provide appropriate guidance.

      It’s important to seek medical advice to determine the exact cause and receive appropriate treatment for your son’s symptoms.


  • Avatar
    Pooja singh
    May 24, 2023 at 10:37 am

    Mujhe asthma hai to meri pulse rate high rhti hai 100 se upar to kya sabhi asthma marijo ki pulse rate 100 ya 100 se upar rehti hai

    • Avatar
      May 24, 2023 at 12:53 pm


      Pulse rate can vary among individuals with asthma, and it is not necessarily true that all asthma patients will have a pulse rate consistently above 100 beats per minute. While it is possible for some asthma patients to experience an elevated pulse rate during asthma exacerbations or episodes, it is important to note that individual responses to asthma can differ. For more information we request you to contact your doctor.


      • Avatar
        Rabia khan
        September 6, 2023 at 11:30 pm

        Hy my name is rabia and I feel same time comin me hat attack my feelings is ver ver bad pain and my heartbeat 71

        • Avatar
          September 7, 2023 at 4:10 pm

          Hello Rabia,If you are experiencing chest pain and have concerns about your heart, it’s important to take this seriously. It’s essential to have a medical professional evaluate your symptoms to determine the cause and provide appropriate treatment.

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