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Importance of a Balanced Diet in a Healthy Lifestyle - MyHealth

Food And Nutrition

Importance of a Balanced Diet in a Healthy Lifestyle


Medically Reviewed By
Dr. Ragiinii Sharma

Written By Kirti Saxena
on Sep 7, 2023

Last Edit Made By Kirti Saxena
on Mar 18, 2024

Importance of a Balanced Diet in a Healthy Lifestyle

Eating a balanced diet is the first step towards good health. This means you must eat various foods in the right proportions to maintain a healthy lifestyle. A balanced and healthy diet includes fresh fruits, vegetables, and essential nutrients, including carbs, fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals, and lipids. 

A balanced diet is crucial since people's bodies respond differently to food. A "healthy" diet for one person may not suit another. A well-balanced diet for the average healthy adult consists of three main meals and two snacks. Consuming all meals, big or small, and avoiding skipping any of them forms a fundamental aspect of a balanced diet. In this blog, let's find out what a balanced diet is, its components, and why it is vital for overall well-being. Let's explore more.

What is a Balanced Diet?

A balanced diet is a nutritional approach that provides your body with all the essential nutrients required to function correctly. It involves consuming various foods in the right proportions to maintain good health and prevent nutrient deficiencies. A balanced diet contains 50-60 percent carbohydrates, 12-20% of proteins, and 30% fats. All the organs and tissues consume the right amount of nutrients and calories to maintain an ideal weight.

According to WHO, a healthy diet is a combination of these foods:

  • Staples like cereals (Wheat, barley, maize, or rice) and roots (potato, yam, taro, or cassava).
  • Legumes 
  • Fruit and vegetables
  • Foods from animal sources (meat, fish, eggs, and milk)

Essential Components of A Balanced Diet

A balanced diet encompasses foods that collectively provide the body with the essential nutrients for optimal health and well-being. Here are the components of a balanced diet:

  • Fruits and Vegetables: Fruits are the foundation of a balanced diet as they are rich in vitamins, minerals, fiber, and antioxidants. Aim to consume a variety of fruits to get enough nutrients. Examples include leafy greens, citrus fruits, berries, carrots, and broccoli.
  • Proteins: Lean protein sources are crucial for muscle growth, repair, and overall body function. Options include poultry, fish, lean cuts of beef or pork, tofu, beans, lentils, and legumes.
  • Whole Grains: It provides complex carbohydrates, fiber, and various nutrients. It includes whole wheat bread, brown rice, quinoa, oats, and barley.
  • Dairy products: Dairy products like milk, yogurt, and cheese offer calcium and protein. If you're lactose intolerant or prefer non-dairy options, choose fortified alternatives like almond milk, soy yogurt, or oat milk.
  • Healthy Fats: Opt for sources of healthy fats such as avocados, nuts (e.g., almonds, walnuts), seeds (e.g., flaxseeds, chia seeds), and olive oil. These fats support heart health and provide essential fatty acids.
  • Hydration: Staying hydrated is always important. Drink enough water and add herbal teas; infused water can add variety. Try to limit sugary drinks and excessive tea or coffee.

What does a Balanced Plate contain?

Food GroupSourcesDaily Intake
Carbohydrates Whole grains, vegetables, legumes130 g per day
Healthy fats Lean meat, dairy products, and chickpeas0.8 g per kg body weight 
Proteins Nuts, seeds, and fatty fish30% of daily calorie intake

Balancing these food groups ensures a diverse intake of essential nutrients, including carbohydrates, proteins, healthy fats, vitamins, and minerals. A varied diet nourishes the body and helps prevent nutrient deficiencies. Moreover, it promotes a healthy weight, reduces the risk of chronic diseases, supports digestive health, and enhances overall vitality. Portion control and moderation are key to maintaining balance and achieving optimal health through diet.

Benefits of following a Balanced diet

Maintaining a balanced diet offers a wide range of benefits for overall health and well-being. Here are some of the advantages:

  • Overcome Nutrient Deficiency: A balanced diet ensures that your body receives all the essential nutrients, including vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, proteins, fats, and fiber. This helps support optimal bodily functions.
  • Weight Management: A balanced diet helps you maintain a healthy weight by providing adequate nutrition without excessive calories. It supports healthy metabolism and reduces the risk of obesity.
  • Energy Levels: Proper nutrition from a balanced diet provides sustained energy throughout the day, keeping you alert and productive.
  • Digestive Health: Foods high in fiber, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, promote healthy digestion and regular bowel movements, reducing the risk of constipation and digestive disorders.
  • Strong Immune System: An adequate intake of vitamins and minerals from a balanced diet supports a robust immune system, helping your body fend off infections and illnesses.
  • Healthy Skin and Hair: Nutrients like vitamins A, C, and E, along with protein and healthy fats, contribute to healthy skin, hair, and nails.
  • Bone Health: A balanced diet rich in calcium and vitamin D supports strong bones and reduces the risk of osteoporosis and fractures.
  • Improved Sleep: A balanced diet can positively influence sleep patterns and quality, leading to better rest and overall well-being.
  • Reduced Inflammation: Certain foods in a balanced diet, such as anti-inflammatory fats and antioxidants, help reduce chronic inflammation, which is linked to many diseases.
  • Hormonal Balance: Proper nutrition supports hormonal balance, helping regulate menstrual cycles, reduce PMS symptoms, and manage conditions like polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
  • Disease Prevention: Eating nutrient-rich foods can lower the risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, and certain cancers. Get a full body checkup to know the deficiency of essential vitamins and other minerals so that you can take treatment timely.


A balanced diet is a vital element of a healthy lifestyle. You can reap the benefits of a balanced diet by making mindful food choices and adding nutrient-rich foods to your daily meals. It provides all the essential nutrients that help your body to work effectively. If you have an unbalanced diet, you might have a deficiency of essential vitamins and nutrients. Moreover, as a preventive step, you should also take regular full body checkups and vitamin screening tests to know the health issues at early stages and reduce the risk of chronic diseases.

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  • Maximilla Matini Sumba

    May 1, 2024 at 4:59 PM.

    keep up

    • Myhealth Team

      May 1, 2024 at 5:35 PM.


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